The Herald Bulletin

Morning Update

Civil War: 150th Anniversary

April 29, 2011

Soldiers' lives now on library database

They marched eating four ears of corn a day and a little meat when rations were scarce. They slogged through swamps and walked through pitiless heat, carrying their wounded and dying on stretchers. They were in the forefront of some of the major battles of the Civil War. They were the volunteer soldiers from Madison County, and their impact on this area continues today.

To commemorate the 150th anniversary of the start of the Civil War and the proud legacy of service by Madison County soldiers, the Anderson Public Library created the Madison County Civil War Soldiers database, which is available on the Anderson Public Library website.

The database names soldiers who listed Madison County as their residence when they enlisted and those who enlisted in Madison County. Soldiers who moved to Madison County following the Civil War are not included.

Their stories are still remarkable today.

For example, at the Battle of Palmito Ranch in Texas along the Rio Grande River, Madison County soldiers of the 34th Indiana Infantry battled Confederate and Imperial Mexican forces on May 11, 1865, a month after the Civil War had ended.

Certainly, many died in battles, but overwhelmingly they died of diseases.

Of the 339 Madison County men who did not come home from the Civil War, three out of four died from wounds or diseases such as influenza, malaria, measles, typhoid fever and diarrhea.

Seven drowned. Another was shot on picket duty and one man, John McCarthy of the 8th Indiana Infantry, was murdered. Two Madison County soldiers were killed coming home when the steamship Sultana exploded in Memphis; another survived the blast.

Those left on the home front weren’t immune to danger.

In July 1863, in response to Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s Raid in southern Indiana, 281 Madison County men, many of them too old or too young for the Army, became Minute Men and enlisted to help drive Morgan from the state.

Five members of the United States Colored Troops listed Madison County as their home. Isaac and Joseph Hampton, Marshall Hubbard and William Birney, all soldiers in the USCT 28th Infantry, and Nelson Hill, from rural Madison County, fought in the Virginia and Texas campaigns. Hubbard was killed at Petersburg, Va., but the rest survived the war.

Now, many of these stories can come to life using the Anderson library database. The following information is available for each soldier: Name, home, rank at entry, company, regiment, enlistment date (which is called muster date) and a brief section titled “remarks,” which tells what happened to the soldier and when he left the service.

If a soldier enlisted in more than one regiment, there will be an entry for each different service. The information was taken from the Indiana Adjutant General’s Report, published in 1869 and considered the most complete source for information about Indiana’s Civil War soldiers.

A help sheet titled “Finding your ancestor in our database” gives search suggestions and the “Where do I go next?” help sheet suggests other sources of information on Civil War soldiers.

For questions about the database, call the Indiana Room at the Anderson Public Library at 641-2442 or by email:

Text Only
Civil War: 150th Anniversary
  • (30)CharlestonRuins.jpg Post-war 'great silence' descends

    The once-prosperous South was wrecked by war’s end. According to one estimate, $10 billion worth of property had been destroyed.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • (29)LincolnFuneralProcession.jpg Stanton: Lincoln belongs to the ages

    Two days after the surrender at Appomattox Court House, on April 11, 1865, Abraham Lincoln gave the last public speech of his life.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • (28)WilderTower.jpg 'Something abides'

    Today it is still possible to do what Asa Payne did in 1911 – to walk the fields where thousands of men fought and died.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • (23)AntietamGrave.jpg Valley of death

    More than 3,600 Union and Confederate soldiers died in a single day’s fighting at Antietam in Maryland. Another 19,000 were wounded, missing or captured, according to the National Park Service.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • Civil War Forney.jpg Madison County war vignettes

    Reader-submitted recollections of loved ones and ancestors who fought in the Civil War.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • (20)MissionaryRidge.jpg Union breaks malnourished troops

    For two years, generals on both sides ordered their men to attempt the almost-impossible – a head-on assault. In November 1863, it finally worked.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • Civil War Doxey Gospel Trumpet - Ward Stilson.jpg Doxey key in area business growth

    Although Charles Taylor Doxey was not born in Anderson and did not come to the city until he was 20, his name became synonymous with the future business development of the city like few men before or since.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • (9)AntietamConfederateDead.jpg 'Make him feel the evils'

    Battles raged across the South in the first year of the Civil War, with the Confederate states of Virginia and Tennessee bearing the worst.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • Civil War Indiana Legion Gov. Oliver Hazard Perry Morton 1861-1867.jpg Madison County organized 10 Legion units for the war

    The Indiana State Defense Force, a form of military protection for the citizens of Indiana, has its roots in the Civil War.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

  • (5)USGrant2.jpg Putting the 'U.S.' in U.S. Grant

    As a commander-in-chief after the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant ranks among the nation’s worst presidents. But Grant excelled at war.

    April 29, 2011 1 Photo

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