The Herald Bulletin

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January 5, 2008

GOVERNMENT AT CROSSROADS: An Indiana chronology

- 1679: French explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, crosses the St. Joseph-Kankakee River portage into Indiana, becoming the first European known to set foot in the state.

- 1754-1763: The French and Indian War. As a result, the territory encircling Indiana becomes an English possession.

- 1763: The English forbid American colonists from settling in the “new west,” including Indiana, contributing to the American rebellion.

- 1787: Congress enacts the Ordinance of 1787, establishing a territorial government of the Northwest Territory, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and part of Minnesota.

- 1800: Congress separates Ohio from the Northwest Territory, designating the rest the Indiana Territory and appointing William Henry Harrison as territorial governor.

- 1800: Population 2,632

- 1805: Michigan is separated from the Indiana Territory.

- 1809: The Illinois Territory is formed, reducing Indiana to its present size.

- 1810: 24,520

- 1811: U.S. forces take control of the northern two-thirds of Indiana from Native Americans during the Battle of Tippecanoe near Lafayette.

- Dec. 1813: Corydon is established as the seat of Indiana government

- June 29, 1816: Indiana adopts its first Constitution

- Dec. 11, 1816: Indiana is admitted into the union, becoming the 19th state.

- 1820: Population 147,178

- 1825: The state capital is moved from Corydon to Indianapolis

- 1830: Population 343,031

- 1837: The state goes bankrupt during the Panic of 1937.

- 1840: Population 685,866

- 1850: Population 988,416

- 1851: A new Constitution is adopted.

- 1852: The state creates a tax-supported public school system.

- 1860: Population 1.35 million

- 1870: Population 1.68 million

- 1880: Population 1.97 million

- 1880-1900: The state creates new agencies, including examination and licensing boards, natural resource conservation agencies and social health and welfare agencies.

- 1890: Population 2.19 million

- 1900: Population 2.52 million

- 1905: Indiana begins levying a statewide property tax to raise money for school funding.

- 1909-1911: A new state Constitution is drafted, but the Supreme Court invalidates the action and Constitution of 1851 remains in place.

- 1910: Population 2.7 million

- 1910: The population of Indianapolis reaches 225,000

- 1920: Population 2.93 million

- 1923: The General Assembly enacts the state’s first gasoline tax, which helps fund the State Highway Commission and pay for construction of state highways.

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