The “fiscal cliff” government cuts, called sequestration cuts, will go into effect in January if Democrats and Republicans in Congress cannot reach a workable deal.
These cuts will go across the board and include defense spending as well as social and safety net programs. Everyone’s taxes will go up as the Bush tax cuts will expire.
One area that will be particularly hard hit will be education as 8.4 percent of all federal education dollars will be cut. Federal dollars fund programs like Title 1, special education and Head Start. A total of $59 million could be lost in Indiana, according to Chris Boots, president of the South Madison school board.
Boots offers some chilling examples of what will happen if the cuts go through:
Grants to school districts would be cut, and most of the cuts would be effective for the 2013-14 school year.
Sequestration’s budget cuts to these and other education programs would mean increased class sizes and less access to programs for children with special needs, as well as summer school, college counselors, early childhood education and after-school programming, according to Boots.
All of this would be counterproductive to the nation’s welfare. These federal programs were put in place originally because states couldn’t or wouldn’t pick up the cost of making sure all students had access to education. The federal money ensured that those students traditionally marginalized — Title 1 and special education — would have more of an equal opportunity in school.
The loss of funds will dilute these programs to the point that school systems might have to once again pick and choose who gets an education.
In order to reduce the deficit, Congress will have to employ a package of spending cuts and tax increases. How this package is put together will determine who gets what. Cutting education means curtailing one of the nation’s future investments. The more dollars put into education, the better the return. And federal dollars inject fairness into the a state’s educational makeup.
These dollars are too important to cavalierly cut. There needs to be some reasoned debate, and there isn’t a lot of time to do that. Congress will have to make a decision soon. What congressional members decide could regressively alter the face of American education if they’re not careful.