By Maureen Hayden
CNHI Statehouse Bureau
INDIANAPOLIS — I grew up in a city of potheads.
That’s a wild exaggeration, but I did grow up in a city that was one of the first in the nation to decriminalize marijuana.
In 1972, when I was a high school freshman in Ann Arbor, Mich., the city council adopted an ordinance making possession of small amounts of marijuana a civil infraction, subject to a $5 fine. The penalty has since been raised to $25.
The vote made national headlines, but as I recall, it seemed almost anti-climatic. The vote – challenged in court but later re-affirmed by a voter referendum – wasn’t nearly as exciting as having John Lennon and Yoko Ono come to town.
They came in 1971, just as the pro-weed, anti-war movement was starting to take hold in Ann Arbor. They took part in the John Sinclair Freedom Rally, named for the hippie poet and activist who’d been sentenced to 10 years in a Michigan prison for giving two joints to an undercover police officer.
No way was my mother going to let me or any of my siblings go to the rally. But I can still remember some of lyrics to the song Lennon wrote for it. (“It ain’t fair, John Sinclair / In the stir for breathing air …) And thanks to 21st century technology, my grown children can see a clip of Lennon performing his song “John Sinclair” on the video-sharing website, You Tube.
Why this blast from the past? Because I’ve written more marijuana stories in the last few months than I have in the last few decades.
There was some serious debate on marijuana in the Indiana Statehouse last session. Some observers scoffed at a failed pot-decriminalization proposal floated by a liberal Democratic senator, Karen Tallian of Portage, and a Libertarian-like Republican senator, Brent Steele of Bedford.
But Republican authors of the sweeping criminal code reform bill that passed were ready to pull down the penalties for marijuana crimes until Republican Gov. Mike Pence stepped in with a veto threat.
Tallian is ready to revive her proposal in the next session. In doing so, she’ll likely cite a recent American Civil Liberties Union report documenting racial disparity in marijuana possession arrests. Using the FBI Uniform Crime Reports from 50 states, the ACLU found black Americans were nearly four times as likely to be arrested on pot possession charges as white Americans – even though marijuana use is about the same for both groups.
The report found no decline in pot-smoking over the last 40 years of the drug war, and it estimates that local communities, combined, are spending more than $3 billion a year to enforce pot laws. It also urges states like Indiana to license and regulate marijuana, legalizing it for people 21 or older.
Elkhart County Prosecutor Curtis Hill, who is black and lives in the Indiana county with the highest racial disparity reported in the ACLU report, thinks that’s a terrible idea. He’s been prosecuting drug and other crimes for almost 25 years and worries that legalization will drive up marijuana use, especially by teenagers. “We don’t need more people walking around dazed, in some foggy haze,” Hill said. “We’re better than that.”
Research on Hill’s concern is mixed. Some studies show increased marijuana use after decriminalization; others contradict those findings.
I don’t smoke pot and I wasn’t a teenage pothead. But I have schoolmates who were, so I found this interesting: Earlier this year, when the Michigan Legislature was debating a bill to decriminalize marijuana throughout the state, Ann Arbor’s mayor told a local radio station that the city had a lot more problems with alcohol abusers than marijuana users.
Columns by Maureen Hayden, Statehouse bureau chief for CNHI’s Indiana newspapers, appear Mondays in The Herald Bulletin. She can be reached at Maureen.firstname.lastname@example.org.